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Tea polyphenol extraction
Industrial wastewater treatment covers the mechanisms and processes used to treat waters that have been contaminated in some way by anthropogenic industrial or commercial activities prior to its release into the environment or its re-use.
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Tea is a popular daily beverage worldwide. Modulation and modifications of its basic components like catechins, alkaloids, protein and carbohydrate during fermentation or extraction process changes organoleptic, gustatory and medicinal properties of tea. Through these processes increase or decrease in yield of desired components are evident. Considering the varied impacts of parameters in tea production, storage and process that affect the yield, extraction of ta biomolecules at optimized condition is thought to e challenging. Implementation of technological advancements in green chemistry approaches can minimize the deviation retaining maximum qualitative properties in environment friendly way. Existed extraction process with optimization parameters of tea have been discussed in this paper including its prospects and limitations. This exhaustive review of various extraction parameters, decaffeination process of tea and large scale cost effective isolation of tea components with aid of modern technology can assist people to choose extraction condition of tea according to necessity.
Extraction of polyphenol from dried tea leaves
Polyphenols, a group of compounds present in tea leaves as major constitute, is known for its antioxidant property. It was extracted from dried and ground tea leaves. Enzymes in the fresh tea leaves were deactivated prior to drying followed by grinding and sieving. Caffeine, the other pharmacologically important compound, was also extracted as a byproduct. Crude extraction was made with water and subsequently the extract was concentrated for decaffeination with 1,2-dichloromethane. Polyphenols were extracted from the decaffeinated crude extract with ethyl acetate. Ethyl acetate was removed from the extract to get dry solid polyphenols. Total polyphenols in the product was estimated by UV-Vis using Folin-Ciocalteu phenol reagent, methods as decribed in ISO/DIS 14502-1. Catechins, the major component of tea polyphenols, were analysed by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) for individual catechin present, as described ISO/CD 14502-2.
Polyphenols and caffeine are successfully extracted from dried tea leaves by the method of solvent extraction. This method is found to be dependent on parameters like type of solvent, temperature, PH of the solution, solid-liquid ratio, particle size etc. The number of extraction stages depends on the efficiency of the equipment used. It is the method that is being employed industrially for large scale production today.
Centrifugal Extractor Working Pinciple:
1.Mixing and mass transfer process:
Light and heavy liquor enter in the annulus mixed zone proportionally and from two different feed pipe orifice respectively, which formed by bowl and shell, with the help of bowl’s rotation, the two phases through turbine disc and impeller mixing and dispersing quickly, after mass transfer completely, to finish mass transfer process.
 
2.Two phases separation process
With the eddy-current disc help, mixture enter in bowl, at the compartment formed by board, the mixture is quickly synchronized with the bowl, under the action of centrifugal force, the larger density liquor moving away from the bowl center to the wall gradually in the upward flow; and the small density liquor doing the opposite, after clarification, two liquids enter into collection chamber with their own weir plate respectively, and drawn out by tigella, to finish the separation process.
Extractor advantages:
  Separation effect is obvious and large handling capacity;

●  Two phase materials contact with short time, and save extraction agent consumption and save cost;

●  High mass transfer rate, high stage efficiency, convenient start and stop, it can not break balance when stopped.

●  Cover small area, the cost of comprehensive investment is low.

●  Well-adapted, good flexibility, with intermittent operation, or single operation, or continuous counter current operation, and there is no need to add interstage pump.
Centrifugal Extractor Specification:
 

Model 

 Bowl diameter
(mm)

Mixture flux(l/h)

Pipe diameter
(mm)

Power(kw)

Dimension(mm)

Weight(kg)

CWL-25-M

25

10

φ10

0.18

270*200*760

10

CWL-50-M

50

50

DN20

0.18

400*400*800

18

CWL-150-M

150

1000

DN40

0.75

620*630*1150

120

CWL-250-M

250

3000

DN50

0.75-2.5

750*750*1400

460

CWL-350-M

350

8000

DN65

1.5-4

950*950*1688

680

CWL-450-M

450

15000

DN80

3-5.5

1000*1000*1800

880

CWL-550-M

550

30000

DN100

4.-7.5

1200*1200*1760

1100

CWL-650-M

650

60000

DN150

4-7.5

1350*1350*1960

1800

CWL-850-M

850

150000

DN200

7.5-15

1500*1500*2100

22

1. Equipment material will be chosen according to the feed physico-chemical property, common used SS304/316L/904L, common composite material, fluoride material and so on; 2. Above table is general parameter, real device has a little difference, please refer to the matched technological manual;
3. Above flux is under ideal condition, ratio of oil and water is their flux sum when 1:1.

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